Max Ernst (2 April 1891 – 1 April 1976) was a German painter, sculptor, graphic artist, and poet. A prolific
artist, Ernst is considered to be one of the primary pioneers of the Dada movement and Surrealism.
Ernst was born in Brühl, Germany, near Cologne. In 1909, he enrolled in the University at Bonn to study philosophy but soon abandoned the courses. He began painting that year, but never received any formal artistic training.During World War I he served in the German army, which was a momentous interruption in his career as an artist. He stated in his autobiography,
"Ernst died on 1 April 1976, 1 day before his birthday, in Paris. He was interred at the Père Lachaise Cemetery."
Fruit of a Long Experience. 1919. Painted wood relief. 45.7 x 38 cm. Private collection.
Family Excursions. c. 1919. Oil on canvas. 36 x 26 cm. Narodni Gallery, Prague, Czechia.
Aquis submersus. 1919. oil on canvas. 54 x 43.8 cm. Städelsches Kunstinstitut und Städtische Galerie,
Le Limaçon de chambre. 1920. Tempera, goache, ink, pencil, collage on paper. 31.2 x 22.2 cm. Private
Untitled. 1920. Gouache, Chinese ink and pencil on cardboard. 30 x 25 cm. Private collection.
The Gramineous Bicycle Garnished with Bells the Dappled Fire Damps and the Echinoderms Bending the Spine
to Look for Caresses. 1920/21. Gouache on print. 74.3 x 99.7 cm. The Museum of Modern Arts, New York, NY,
Célèbes or Elephant Célèbes. 1921. Oil on canvas. 125.4 x 107.9 cm. Tate Gallery, London, UK.
Approacing Puberty or The Pleiads/La Puberté proche... ou Les Pléiades. 1921. Mixed media on paper,
mounted on Cardboard. 24.5 x 16.6 cm. Private collection.